The regional Park of Monteveglio Abbey is a protected natural area in Emilia-Romagna designated in 1995. It has an area of 878,31 hectares into Bologna’s province, corresponding with the site of community interest of Monteveglio Abbey.
Numerous small mammals are present in the park: the European hedgehog can be found almost everywhere, while the red squirrel, the dormouse and the reddish fieldmouse live only in the wooded areas. The European hare and country fieldmouse dwell in meadows and fields while the land fieldmouse, a prime swimmer, sets its den on the streams’ banks.
As regards larger size carnivores, the park hosts the red fox, the badger, the weasel and the stone marten while herbivores like the boar and the roe deer have been seen in the park in recent years. Birdlife is widespread: many species of songbird (the nightingale, the blackcap, the wren, the robin, the blackbird, the chaffinch, the chiffchaff) typical of the Italian environment live and nest in this area. The greater spotted woodpecker and the green woodpecker excavate tree holes with their beaks, inadvertently providing nest sites for the nuthatch and many species of tits.
Other birds live in the park’s woods, including the cuckoo and the jay, while the open areas host the greenfinch, the serin, the goldfinch, the uncommon lesser shrike and the black bunting together with the hoopoe, the swallow, the chimney swift and the house martin.
Another typical bird of these fields is the pheasant and, during summertime, the quail. Among the birds of prey the kestrel and the common buzzard must be mentioned, while the grey herons and the night herons live along the rivers.
The park area is strongly anthropic and characterized by vineyards and cultivated fields alternated with woods, pastures and uncultivated fields. The gullies (“calanchi”) are quite interesting, hosting a peculiar flora: some grasses like the aster linosyris, less frequently the wild carrot, the podospermum canum, and the Ononis masquillierii randomly; in the stagnations among the gullies the tussilago farfara, the dittrichia viscosa and the blackstonia perfoliata can be found while in the still ground areas it must be mentioned the presence of the juniper, the broom tree, the wild rose, the cornel and the salix caprea.
(text source: wikipedia)